domingo, 5 de agosto de 2012

Información sobre el Vinson

Preguntas Frecuentes acerca de las expediciones al Monte Vinson

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About Vinson

Q: Where is Vinson 

A: 600 miles from the South Pole, Mount Vinson was first summited in 1966 by climbers led by Nicholas Clinch from the American Alpine Club and the National Science Foundation, it was the last of the 7 Summits to be conquered. It was named after US Senator and Antarctica supporter, Carl Vinson. It is in the Sentinel range of the Ellsworth Mountains. Just getting there is an adventure involving a 4 hour, 2000 mile plane trip on a Russian IIyushin 76 cargo plane from the tip of South America to the snow camp of Union Glacier. Once there climbers are ferried another 35 minutes via a Twin Otter to Vinson base camp. View Vinson on a larger map.

Q: When is it usually climbed?
A: Climbs usually take place between December and February. - the 24 hours of sunlight a day summer in Antarctica.

Q: I understand that Vinson is easy.
A: It is straightforward with mostly glacier travel but the climbing is not the challenge for Vinson; it is the weather and the logistics of getting in and out of Antarctica. 

Q: How does Vinson compare with Denali or Rainier?
A: It is easier than Denali since it is shorter - if the weather is not brutal. We sat in our tents at Low Camp for 6 days waiting for 50 mph winds to ease on the summit ridge. Similar to Denali, you are pulling a sled with personal and group gear but the loads are lighter. Even though the summit is about 16,000', the effective altitude is about 2,000' higher.

Q: Is a Vinson climb dangerous?
A: Absolutely. While there have been no deaths on Vinson, which is remarkable, there are cases of serious frostbite. The primary issue is that in case of a life threatening emergency, it could be days or weeks to get you back to a full hospital given the severe weather conditions.

Q: How many people had summited and how many people had died trying?
A: An estimated 1,200 climbers have summited Vinson at an extremely high success rate. There have been no deaths.

Training, Gear & Communication:

Q: How did you train for this climb?
A: My normal of climbing my local Colorado 14ers plus daily workouts with weights and on an elliptical machine.

Q: Was altitude a problem on this climb?
A: Not a big issue given it is 16,000'. However the barometric pressure is quite low at both Poles so the available oxygen per breath is lower than the given altitude compared to other big mountains thus from a cardiovascular perspective, it felt like it was 18,000'.

Q: What kind of equipment did you use?
Click for a larger view of my Everest gear.A: Mostly I use the same gear I used on Everest. Lot's of layers. My personal technical equipment included a long handle ice axe, harness, carabineers and crampons. It is always critical to protect my toes, fingers and face since these were most susceptible to frost bite. As for warmth, I always wear a knit cap and at least liner gloves when I get the least bit cool - regardless of the outside temp. I use a 3 layer system of Merino wool base layer (top and bottom), heavier fleece as in the Mountain Hardware Power Stretch (a Farmer's John kind of suit) or just my Patagonia Guide Pants depending on how cold it is that day then my top wind or warmth layer e.g. Patagonia Micro Puff and/or JetStream Shell. When the winds pick up and the temps hover at -30F, I add my Feather Friends 850 Fill down jacket plus my mitts which I never used on Vinson. I have a gear page for reference. I am very pleased with all my gear but had a few standouts that I note on my gear page.

Q: Anything special in your gear for Vinson?
A: I tool almost everything on my gear page under 8000m climbs except the full down suit. It can be extremely cold and windy so multiple down layers are required. My boots were the Kayland 8001, an integrated gator boot with a separate inner boot similar to the Millets or Olympus Mons. Some people climbed in double plastics with overboots. I was never cold. I used a new sleeping back from Mountain Hardwear, the Wrath -20 and was very pleased. Also used the ExPed Down mat 9 on top of a z-pad. I was warm and comfortable.

Q: Did you use a satellite phone?
A: For details on my expedition communications, please see this tutorial. I used an Iridium phone with good results to post updates to this website. I used HumanEdge technology's Contact 5 expedition dispatch software.

Expedition Basics

Q: Which route is most popular?
A: There is really only one primary route from the West side which follows the Branscomb Glacier with two intermediate camps. In 2001 a team climbed via the East Face. In late 2008, one team climbed via the Dater/Hinckley glaciers to the Shinn Col before joining the normal route. 

Q: How long will it take?
A: A Vinson climb can be incredibly short. With zero weather delays, you can arrive at Union Glacier, fly to Vinson Base Camp, climb to Low Camp then High Camp and summit plus return in about a week. But this almost never occurs. Count on three weeks with weather delays.

Q: How much does a standard climb cost with and without a guide?
A: The costs can range from $34,000 to $50,000 depending on who you use. See my Guide page for more details. The cost is so high due to the logistics of just getting to Antarctica. Once you are there you can see why . 

Q: Do I need a permit to climb?
A: There are no permits but you must use Antarctic Logistics and Expeditions(ALE) to fly to Antarctica since they are the only ones to fly there. 

Q: Do I really need a guide for Vinson?
A: Yes, ALE requires a guide to climb unless they approve you as an exception with proper experience and a team of 3 or more - don't count on it. They can provide a guide or any of the other guide companies will provide one. 

Q: How do you get on an expedition to climb Vinson?
 Most reputable guides ask for your climbing resume and require some climbing experience. Ideally they want to see climbs of Rainier or Colorado or California 14ers. But most anyone can get on a Vinson commercial expedition these days without many questions. The guide services all run the same basic formula and are very conservative with weather, safety and risks. I believe ALE has a minimum age of 18 to fly to Antarctica. 

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